10 Facts About the Chattahoochee River
(1) "Chattahoochee" is an Indian word which means “river of painted rocks”, possibly referring to the many colorful rock outcroppings in and along the river.
(2) The source of the river is a tiny spring located several hundreds yards below the Appalachian Trail in the southeast corner of Union County.
(3) The river flows southwesterly through Georgia to merge with the Flint River in Lake Seminole on the Florida border, where its name changes to the Apalachicola as it meanders through Florida to the Gulf of Mexico.
(4) The headwaters of the Chattahoochee River which drain into Lake Lanier above Atlanta comprise the smallest watershed, or drainage area, which provides a major portion of water supply for any metropolitan area in the country.
(5) The Chattahoochee River is the second southernmost trout habitat in the United States (other: Guadalupe River, Texas) and is also one of only two trout streams in North America that flow through a major urban area (other: Bow River, Canada).
(6) The Chattahoochee River Basin supplies more than 70 percent of metro Atlanta's water for drinking and other needs -- an annual average of about 450 million gallons per day.
(7) Metro Atlanta's sewage treatment plants release approximately 250 million gallons of treated wastewater into Lake Lanier and the Chattahoochee River every day.
(8) In 1957, the Corps of Engineers completed Buford Dam, 50 miles above Atlanta, and created Lake Lanier, the most visited federal lake in the U.S. Lake Lanier contains 38,000 acres and 700 miles of shoreline.
(9) In the mid-1970's, the Corps of Engineers built West Point Lake, which is 85 miles south of Atlanta and has 25,900 acres and 525 miles of shoreline.
(10) The Chattahoochee River is one of the oldest and most stable river channels within the United States, since it's essentially "locked" in place, flowing along the Brevard Fault Zone, and cannot meander and change course over time like most rivers.